Learn about your plumbing system so you are better prepared to take care of it so you can avoid messy problems and expensive repairs. The information here will give you the basics on home plumbing systems so you know more about caring for it properly.

How your plumbing pipes works

You will have incoming water which is controlled by a main water valve. In case of an emergency, such as a broken pipe, you want to turn off the water using this valve. The water you use is called wastewater and it will exit your home through drain pipes where it will be deposited into your septic tank or taken out to the sewer system.

Your drains and toilets carry the wastewater with plumbing pipes that aren't very large and have joints in them to steer the pipes in the directions they go in.  The size and shape of these pipes makes them susceptible to clogging. For this reason, you want to make sure you never put anything down the drains or toilets that aren't supposed to go down them.

How your drains work

The drains in your sinks and tubs are where the water enters and then that wastewater enters the pipes. Your drains have covers with small openings. However, these openings are still large enough to allow all kinds of debris into the system. Therefore, you want to be careful not to count on that screen to filter food particles out for you.

If your kitchen sink has a garbage disposal, then you can put food down it, but you still need to be careful. Certain foods can ruin the disposal, such as egg shells, bones, skin, seeds and fibrous vegetables.

Keep in mind, it's always bad to allow grease and oil down the drain. When grease goes into the plumbing system, it lines the sides, causing the pipes to get smaller and smaller until they clog.

Keeping it all running smoothly

Now that you understand how the plumbing functions, you want to make sure you keep it all running the way it's supposed to. Keep the pipes clean and fix any leaks right away or they will get larger and possibly lead to flooding and the development of mold.

Protect your pipes in the winter by disconnecting your outside hoses and turning off the water to your sprinkler system. Also, keep the inside or your house at a warmer temperature with cabinets opened so that air gets to the pipes. Water should run through the pipes continuously and this means leaving faucets on at a steady drip.

If you have a septic tank, then putting anything down the drain that shouldn't go down it can cause problems within the septic system. Harsh cleaners should be avoided because they will through the chemical balance in the septic system off and this can cause problems. Also, make sure you have your septic tank serviced at the first sign of troubles. These include foul odors, water suddenly pooling around the yard, slow draining in the home or dying grass above the tank.

Anytime you find a problem with the plumbing it's important to get a plumber out right away. Otherwise, you can expect the situation to get worse and this means more money to repair it, as well as the chance of damages to other areas of your home.  

To learn more, contact a company like Tyler Contracting Co.